Silvano Lizzit, PhD

Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A.
Strada Statale 14, Km 163.5
in Area Science Park
I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy


1983 High School diploma in Udine, Italy.
1992 Laurea diploma in Physics, summa cum laude at the University of Trieste, Italy. Thesis: Study of the interaction of atomic nitrogen with Rh(110) surface: characterisation of different structures obtained by NO+H2 reaction and by dissociation of NH3 and N2 . Advisor: Prof. Renzo Rosei.
2003 PhD degree in Physics, Doktor der Naturwissenschaften, at Die Technische Universität München, Germany. Thesis: Surface-shifted core level photoemission from clean and oxygen covered metal surfaces. Advisor: Prof. Dietrich Menzel.

Professional positions

  • 1993-1994 Post-Laurea fellowship at the SuperESCA beamline of Sincrotrone Trieste.
  • 1994-2001 Staff scientist of Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste at the SuperESCA beamline.
  • 2001- Head of the SuperESCA beamline.
  • 2011- Coordinator of the Spectroscopy/Scattering beamlines Group

Research and Professional experience

The main subject of my research is the experimental solid state physics, mainly focussed on the electronic, geometric and chemical properties of surfaces and nanostructures. I’ve used a large variety of Surface Science Techniques, many of them based on Synchrotron Radiation. I have well established experience in the design and development of complex instrumentation for research with particular attention to synchrotron radiation applications. Moreover I have management skills for the coordination of the activity of the synchrotron radiation beamlines. In the following are outlined my skills:

  • Experience of Ultra High Vacuum and Synchrotron Radiation in Third generation storage rings.
  • Experience of several Surface Science techniques, such as HRXPS (High Resolution X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) with Synchrotron radiation, FAST-XPS, XPD (X-ray Photoelectron Diffraction), NEXAFS (Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure), AP-XPS (Ambient Pressure XPS), AES (Auger Electron Spectroscopy), TPD (Thermal Programmed Desorption), LEED (Low Energy Electron Diffraction).
  • Management skills for the coordination of the activity of the synchrotron radiation beamlines.

    The research fields of interest are:
  • Study of the elementary steps of catalytic reactions on metal surfaces with photoemission/absorption spectroscopy techniques on third generation synchrotron radiation facilities;
  • Study of the electronic, structural and chemical properties of graphite and carbon nanotubes;
  • Study of the growth on top of different metal surfaces of graphene and other two-dimensional crystals such as h-BN or transition metal dichalcogenides, and of their electronic, structural and chemical properties.

Publications Statistics

My publication list contains more than 190 entries in international, peer refereed journals, which include: Nature Materials: 1, Nature Physics: 1, Nature Communications: 2, Surface Science Report: 1, Physical Review Letters: 20, Journal of the American Chemical Society: 7, Nano Letters: 4, ACS Nano: 7.
The work is highly cited with a total number of citations from Scopus, of more than 5000 (3900 excluding self citations) and the number of citations per year reaching 523 in 2015, resulting in an h-index=34.

Representative Publications

  1. S. Lizzit, K. Pohl, A. Baraldi, G. Comelli, V. Fritzsche, E.W. Plummer, R. Stumpf, Ph. Hofmann, Physics of the Be(10-10) Surface Core Level Spectrum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3271 (1998).
  2. C. Keller, M. Stichler, G. Comelli, F. Esch, S. Lizzit, W. Wurth and D. Menzel, Ultrafast charge transfer times of chemisorbed species from Auger resonant Raman studies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1774 (1998).
  3. S. Lizzit, A. Baraldi, A. Groso, K. Reuter, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, C. Stampl, M. Scheffler, M. Stichler, C. Keller, W. Wurth, and D. Menzel, Surface Core Level Shift of Clean and Oxygen Covered Ru(0001), Phys. Rev. B 63, 205419 (2001).
  4. R. Lindsay, E. Michelangeli, B. G. Daniels, T. V. Ashworth, A. J. Limb, G. Thornton, A. Gutierrez-Sosa, A. Baraldi, R. Larciprete, S. Lizzit, Impact of defects on the surface chemistry of ZnO(000-1)-O, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7117 (2002).
  5. A. Baraldi, G. Comelli, S. Lizzit, M. Kiskinova, G. Paolucci, Real time X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of surface reactions, Surf. Sci. Rep. 49, 169 (2003).
  6. A. Goldoni, R. Larciprete, L. Petaccia and S. Lizzit, Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube Interaction with Gases: Sample Contaminants and Environmental Monitoring, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11329 (2003).
  7. A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, G. Comelli, M. Kiskinova, R. Rosei, K. Honkala, J. K. Nørskov, Spectroscopic link between surface structure and local chemical reactivity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 046101 (2004).
  8. S. C. Santucci, A. Goldoni, R. Larciprete, S. Lizzit, M. Bertolo, A. Baraldi, and C. Masciovecchio, Calorimetry at Surfaces Using High-Resolution Core-Level Photoemission, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 106105 (2004).
  9. Alessandro Baraldi, Dario Giacomello, Luca Rumiz, Mauro Moretuzzo, Silvano Lizzit, Francesco Buatier de Mongeot, Giorgio Paolucci, Giovanni Comelli, Renzo Rosei, Bernard E. Nieuwenhuys, Ugo Valbusa, and Maya P. Kiskinova, Unexpected Behavior of the Surface Composition of PtRh Alloys during Chemical Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 5671 (2005).
  10. F. Bautier de Mongeot, A. Toma, A. Molle, S. Lizzit, L. Petaccia, A. Baraldi, Carbon monoxide dissociation on Rh nanopyramids, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 056103 (2006).
  11. S. Hofmann , R. Sharma, C. Ducati, G. Du, C. Mattevi, C. Cepek, M. Cantoro, S. Pisana, A. Parvez, F. Cervantes-Sodi, AC Ferrari, R. Dunin-Borkowski, S. Lizzit, L. Petaccia, A. Goldoni, J. Robertson, In situ observations of catalyst dynamics during surface-bound carbon nanotube nucleation, Nano Letters 7, 602 (2007).
  12. Steven L. Tait, Yeliang Wang, Giovanni Costantini, Nian Lin, Alessandro Baraldi, Friedrich Esch, Luca Petaccia, Silvano Lizzit, and Klaus Kern, Metal—Organic Coordination Interactions in Fe—Terephthalic Acid Networks on Cu(100), J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 2108 (2008).
  13. Giacomo Levita, Luca Petaccia, Alessio Comisso, Silvano Lizzit, Rosanna Larciprete, Andrea Goldoni and Alessandro De Vita , A Spectroscopic and ab Initio Study of the Formation of Graphite and Carbon Nanotubes from Thermal Decomposition of Silicon Carbide, Nano Lett. 8, 4335 (2008).
  14. S. Lizzit, G. Zampieri, K. L. Kostov, G. Tyuliev, R. Larciprete, L. Petaccia, B. Naydenov, and D. Menzel, Charge transfer from core-excited argon adsorbed on clean and hydrogenated Si(100): ultrashort timescales and energetic structure, New J. Phys. 11, 053005 (2009).
  15. Paolo Lacovig, Monica Pozzo, Dario Alfè, Paolo Vilmercati, Alessandro Baraldi, and Silvano Lizzit, Growth of dome-shaped carbon nanoislands on Ir(111): The intermediate between carbidic clusters and quasi-free-standing graphene, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 166101 (2009). Selected as Editor’ Suggestion and for a Viewpoint in Physics (Spotlighting exceptional research) of the American Physical Society, J.O. Sofo and R.D.Diehl, Geodesic carbon nanodomes, Physics 2, 84 (2009).
  16. Silvano Lizzit, Guillermo Zampieri, Luca Petaccia, Rosanna Larciprete, Paolo Lacovig, Emile D.L. Rienks, Gustav Bihlmayer, Alessandro Baraldi and Philip Hofmann, Band Dispersion in the deep 1s core level of graphene, Nature Physics, 6, 345 (2010) (DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1615). Selected for the cover page of Nature Physics May issue “Core carbon states extended”.
  17. Richard Balog, Bjarke Jørgensen, Louis Nilsson, Mie Andersen, Emile Rienks, Marco Bianchi, Mattia Fanetti, Erik Lægsgaard, Alessandro Baraldi, Silvano Lizzit, Zeljko Sljivancanin, Flemming Besenbacher, Bjørk Hammer, Thomas G. Pedersen, Philip Hofmann and Liv Hornekær, Band Gap Opening in Graphene Induced by Patterned Hydrogen Adsorption, Nature Materials 9, 315 (2010) (DOI: 10.1038/NMAT2710). Commented in News and Views Jeroen van den Brink, Graphene: What lies between Nature Materials 9, 291 (2010) (DOI: 10.1038/NMAT2733).
  18. Erik Vesselli, Alessandro Baraldi, Silvano Lizzit, and Giovanni Comelli, Large Interlayer Relaxation at a Metal-Oxide Interface: The Case of a Supported Ultrathin Alumina Film, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 046102 (2010).
  19. G. Otero, C. González, A. L. Pinardi, P. Merino, S. Gardonio, S. Lizzit, M. Blanco-Rey, K. Van de Ruit, C. F. J. Flipse, J. Méndez, P. L. de Andrés, and J. A. Martín-Gago, Ordered Vacancy Network Induced by the Growth of Epitaxial Graphene on Pt(111), Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 216102 (2010).
  20. Monica Pozzo, Dario Alfè, Paolo Lacovig, Philip Hofmann, Silvano Lizzit, and Alessandro Baraldi, Thermal Expansion of Supported and Freestanding Graphene: Lattice Constant versus Interatomic Distance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 135501 (2011).
  21. E. Miniussi, M. Pozzo, A. Baraldi, E. Vesselli, R. R. Zhan, G. Comelli, T. O. Menteş, M. A. Niño, A. Locatelli, S. Lizzit, and D. Alfè, Thermal Stability of Corrugated Epitaxial Graphene Grown on Re(0001), Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 216101 (2011).
  22. S. Gardonio, T. O. Wehling, L. Petaccia, S. Lizzit, P. Vilmercati, A. Goldoni, M. Karolak, A. I. Lichtenstein, and C. Carbone, Spectral Functions of Isolated Ce Adatoms on Paramagnetic Surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 026801 (2011).
  23. Rosanna Larciprete, Stefano Fabris, Tao Sun, Paolo Lacovig, Alessandro Baraldi, and Silvano Lizzit, Dual path mechanism in the thermal reduction of graphene oxide, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 17315 (2011). Selected for the cover page of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, November issue.
  24. Alberto Cavallin, Monica Pozzo, Cristina Africh, Alessandro Baraldi, Erik Vesselli, Carlo Dri, Giovanni Comelli, Rosanna Larciprete, Paolo Lacovig, Silvano Lizzit, and Dario Alfè, Local Electronic Structure and Density of Edge and Facet Atoms at Rh Nanoclusters Self-Assembled on a Graphene Template, ACS Nano 6, 3034 (2012).
  25. Mauro Satta, Roberto Flammini, Andrea Goldoni, Alessandro Baraldi, Silvano Lizzit, and Rosanna Larciprete, Fundamental Role of the H-Bond Interaction in the Dissociation of NH3 on Si(001)-(2×1), Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 036102 (2012).
  26. Silvano Lizzit, Rosanna Larciprete, Paolo Lacovig, Matteo Dalmiglio, Fabrizio Orlando, Alessandro Baraldi, Lauge Gammelgaard, Lucas Barreto, Marco Bianchi, Edward Perkins, and Philip Hofmann, Transfer-free electrical insulation of epitaxial graphene from its metal substrate, Nano Letters 12, 4503 (2012). Highligthed in Nature Nanotechnology 7, 613 (2012).
  27. Rosanna Larciprete, Søren Ulstrup, Paolo Lacovig, Matteo Dalmiglio, Marco Bianchi, Federico Mazzola, Liv Hornekær, Fabrizio Orlando, Alessandro Baraldi, Philip Hofmann, and Silvano Lizzit, Oxygen switching of the epitaxial graphene – metal interaction, ACS Nano 6, 9551 (2012). Highligthed in Nature Materials 12, 3 (2013).
  28. S. Gardonio, M. Karolak, T. O. Wehling, L. Petaccia, S. Lizzit, A. Goldoni, A. I. Lichtenstein, and C. Carbone, Excitation Spectra of Transition-Metal Atoms on the Ag (100) Surface Controlled by Hund’s Exchange, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 186404 (2013).
  29. Richard Balog, Mie Andersen, Bjarke Jørgensen, Zeljko Sljivancanin, Bjørk Hammer, Alessandro Baraldi, Rosanna Larciprete, Philip Hofmann, Liv Hornekær, and Silvano Lizzit, Controlling Hydrogenation of Graphene on Ir(111), ACS Nano 7, 3823 (2013).
  30. Silvano Lizzit, Rosanna Larciprete, Paolo Lacovig, Krassimir L. Kostov, and Dietrich Menzel, Ultrafast Charge Transfer at Monolayer Graphene Surfaces with Varied Substrate Coupling, ACS Nano 7, 4359 (2013).
  31. P. Merino, M. Švec, J.I. Martinez, P. Jelinek, P. Lacovig, M. Dalmiglio, S. Lizzit, P. Soukiassian, J. Cernicharo, J.A. Martin-Gago, Graphene etching on SiC grains as a path to interstellar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formation, Nature Communications 5, 3054 (2014). Highlighted in Science, ScienceShot: How to Make Organic Chemicals From Stardust
  32. Georgina Ruiz-Soria, Alejandro Pérez Paz, Markus Sauer, Duncan John Mowbray, Paolo Lacovig, Matteo Dalmiglio, Silvano Lizzit, Kazuhiro Yanagi, Angel Rubio, Andrea Goldoni, Paola Ayala, and Thomas Pichler, Revealing the Adsorption Mechanisms of Nitroxides on Ultrapure, Metallicity-Sorted Carbon Nanotubes, ACS Nano 8, 1375 (2014).
  33. Luca Omiciuolo, Eduardo R. Hernández, Elisa Miniussi, Fabrizio Orlando, Paolo Lacovig, Silvano Lizzit, Tevfik Onur Menteş, Andrea Locatelli, Rosanna Larciprete, Marco Bianchi, Søren Ulstrup, Philip Hofmann, Dario Alfè, and Alessandro Baraldi, Bottom-up approach for the low-cost synthesis of graphene-alumina nanosheet interfaces using bimetallic alloys, Nature Communications 5, 5052 (2014).
  34. F. Orlando, P. Lacovig, L. Omiciuolo, N. G. Apostol, R. Larciprete, A. Baraldi, and S. Lizzit, Epitaxial growth of a single-domain hexagonal boron nitride monolayer, ACS Nano 8, 12063 (2014).
  35. G. Ruiz-Soria, A. Perez Paz, M. Sauer, D. J. Mowbray, P. Lacovig, M. Dalmiglio, S. Lizzit, K. Yanagi, A. Rubio, A. Goldoni, P. Ayala, T. Pichler, Revealing the Adsorption Mechanisms of Nitroxides on Ultrapure, Metallicity-Sorted Carbon Nanotubes, ACS Nano 8, 1375 (2014).
  36. R. Larciprete, P. Lacovig, F. Orlando, M. Dalmiglio, L. Omiciuolo, A. Baraldi, S. Lizzit, Chemical gating of epitaxial graphene through ultrathin oxide layers, Nanoscale 7, 12650 (2015).
  37. A. Politano, M. Cattelan, D. W. Boukhvalov, D. Campi, A. Cupolillo, S. Agnoli, N. G. Apostol, P. Lacovig, S. Lizzit, D. Farías, G. Chiarello, G. Granozzi, R. Larciprete, Unveiling the Mechanisms Leading to H2 Production Promoted by Water Decomposition on Epitaxial Graphene at Room Temperature, ACS Nano 10, 4543 (2016).
  38. D. Curcio, L. Omiciuolo, M. Pozzo, P. Lacovig, S. Lizzit, N. Jabeen, L. Petaccia, D. Alfe, A. Baraldi, Molecular Lifting, Twisting, and Curling during Metal-Assisted Polycyclic Hydrocarbon Dehydrogenation, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3395 (2016). Selected for the cover page of the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
  39. R. Larciprete, S. Colonna, F. Ronci, R. Flammini, P. Lacovig, N. G. Apostol, A. Politano, P. Feulner, D. Menzel, S. Lizzit, Self-Assembly of Graphene Nanoblisters Sealed to a Bare Metal Surface, Nano Letters 16, 1808 (2016).

last update October 19, 2016, at 11:01 AM by Silvano Lizzit