Seminars Archive

Thu 11 Mar, at 11:30 - Seminar Room T2

Bystander effects during synchrotron imaging procedures?

Elisabeth Schültke
Department of Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Neurocentre, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany

Using monochromatic beam and synchrotron phase-contrast technique at the biomedical beamline of the Italian synchrotron facility Elettra (SYRMEP), we have shown in a small animal model of malignant brain tumour that it is possible to obtain high-resolution images of very small tumours when they have developed from implanted tumour cells loaded with colloidal gold nanoparticles (GNP). All previous experiments were conducted in post-mortem samples. We have now designed a cell culture experiment to investigate the effects of synchrotron radiation with an energy and dose profile similar to that expected in our first in vivo imaging studies according to the protocol developed at SYRMEP. Materials and Methods: Culture flasks containing either gold-loaded or naïve C6 glioma cells were exposed to a dose of 0.5 Gy at 24 keV. The irradiated medium was aspirated and replaced with fresh growth medium. Twenty-four hours later this non-irradiated medium exposed to irradiated cells was aspirated, then added to non-irradiated C6 cells in order to investigate whether bystander effects are seen under the conditions of our image acquisition protocol. The irradiated medium was added to a number of other non-irradiated cell cultures. Cell counts were followed until 72 hrs after irradiation. Western blots were conducted with CD133 and H2AX antibodies. This experiment was one of the first biomedical experiments conducted at BMIT, the new biomedical imaging and therapy beamline of the Canadian Light Source. Results: The presence of GNP in the C6 glioma cells seemed to increase cell proliferation. Exposure to synchrotron radiation with the parameters used in our image acquisition protocol did not inhibit cell proliferation. No significant differences were seen between cells that were directly irradiated, exposed to irradiated medium or exposed to the non-irradiated 24-hr-medium from the irradiated cells. Supported by a grant from the Canadian Health Research Foundation to Dr. Schültke.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 24 April 2012 15:21