Seminars Archive

Thu 16 Jun, at 11:00 - Fermi room

Nonequilibrium Quantum Fluctuation Relations

Michele Campisi
Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italia

Two fundamental ingredients play a decisive role in the foundation of fluctuation relations: the principle of microreversibility and the fact that thermal equilibrium is described by the Gibbs canonical ensemble. Building on these two pillars we provide a concise exposition of the theory and applications of quantum fluctuation relations. These are exact results that constitute the fulcrum of the recent development of nonequilibrium thermodynamics beyond the linear response regime. The main focus is on (i) work fluctuation relations for transiently driven closed or open quantum systems, and (ii) on fluctuation relations for heat and matter exchange in quantum transport settings. Recently performed and proposed experimental applications are presented and discussed.

REF: M. Campisi, P. Hänggi and P. Talkner, Colloquium: Quantum fluctuation relations: Foundations and applications, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83 771--791 (2011)

(Referer: D. Fausti)
Last Updated on Tuesday, 24 April 2012 15:21