Welcome to XRD1 @ Elettra.

X-rays are an invaluable probe of the structure of matter, and the range of problems where X-rays have proved to be decisive in unravelling a material structure is very wide. Exploiting the wide spectrum offered by a powerful multipole wiggler, the XRD1 beamline offers the possibility to structurally characterize matter at many different levels, having a broad applications in science and technology.
X-ray diffraction can provide an atomic-detail, three-dimensional structure of small and large molecules, playing a pivotal role in synthetic chemistry and offering the basis to understand the response of a molecular structure to an external influence such as the variation of pressure, temperature or humidity, electric or magnetic fields, photo-excitation, and so on.
At higher level, X-ray diffraction can characterize matter according to the spatial arrangement of the  molecules in solid state, justifying macroscopic properties of materials and opening to an infinity of technological opportunities. All these impact everyone’s everyday life, spanning from pharmaceutical drugs efficacy and efficiency to energy production and storage, pollutant-capture materials and food industry.

Research Highlights

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Layered metal-functionalized covalent organic frameworks as precursors of supercapacitive porous N-doped graphene

Scheme of the work showing the COF-1 structure, the metal coordination COF-1-M and the calcination process to produce N-doped graphenes. This strategy avoids the need of the use of any additional template, allowing the formation of corrugated graphene in a one-pot reaction from the COF-1–M precursors.
J. Romero. et al., J. Mater. Chem. A, 5, 4343, (2017)

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Eudicot plant-specific sphingolipids determine host selectivity of microbial NLP cytolysins

The picture presents the structural change in NLP protein upon sugar binding: crystal structures of NLP before (blue, left) and after glucosamine binding (green, right) on the background.

Lenarčič T et al, Science, 2017, 358, pp 1431-1434
Van den Ackerveken G, Science, 2017, 358, Issue 6369, pp. 1383-1384

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How Nothing Boosts Affinity: Hydrophobic Ligand Binding to the Virtually Vacated S1′ Pocket of Thermolysin

The positions of bound xenon and krypton in the crystal structure can be unambiguously identified in the electron density due to their anomalous scattering properties. Both types of noble gases populate the same position in the S1′ cavity.

Krimmer S G et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2017, 139 (30), pp 10419–10431

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Single-point mutation, metal ion concentration and low dielectric constant of the medium induce human ubiquitin aggragation

Ribbon representation of the asymmetric unit content (chains A,B and C) plus one symmetriy-related molecule of chain B (B*), of E16V crystal grown at 35 mM Zn2+. The metal sites (ZN1, Zn5, Zn6 and Zn7) are represented as yellow spheres. The side chain of the mutated residue (Val16) is shown as red sticks

Fermani S et al, Chem. Eur. J., 2017, 24, pp 4140

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Crystal structure of the earthworm toxin reveals the mechanism of assembly and its potential application

Crystal structure of the lysenin pore, PDB-ID 5EC5, shown in ribbons, top view. Each of the nine protomoeric units is presented in a different color.

Podobnik M. et al., Nature Communications, 7:11598 (2016)

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Nanoparticles – New light on growth mechanisms

Synchrotron X-Ray diffraction in solution is used to shed light on the growth mechanisms of the coprecipitation of iron oxide nanoparticles, showing an initial precipitation of iron hydroxide carbonate [Fe6(OH)12CO3] and ferrihydrite and the successive growth of ferrihydrite /via/ the re-dissolution of iron hydroxide carbonate to form a final magnetite phase.
LaGrow A P et al., Nanoscale, 2019,11, 6620-6628

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Extended O-Doped Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

a) SEM images of polyaromatic molecular crystals displaying a lamellar-like texture; b) solid-state columnar π-π stacks with an interplanar distance of 3.3Å

Stassen D. et al., Angew. Chem. 2016, 128, 1 – 6

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Photosynthesis – The dark side structural proteome is now completed

The crystal structure of the phosphoribulokinase (PRK) – the last enzyme of the Calvin-Benson cycle – has been finally solved, completing its redox structural proteome. The PRK structure also allowed to shed light on the molecular evolution of PRKs in eukaryotes.

Gurrieri L. et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Mar 2019, 201820639

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New anode materials for advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries

In operando X-Ray Diffraction measurements at XRD1 together with raman Spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques shed light on the electrochemistry of FeNb 11 O 29, a very promising anode material for advanced high-power density Lithium-ion batteries

Spada D. et al., Electrochimica Acta Volume 393, 139077 (2021)

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On the penetration depth of conservation treatments on cultural heritage stone materials

A novel analytical approach based on SR-μTXRD has been used to study cultural heritage stone materials. The experimental findings of this study demonstrate that the SR-μTXRD protocol can be successfully used to investigate the mineralogical composition and penetration depth of inorganic mineral treatment in stone matrixes with a high spatial resolution.

Possenti E. et al., Anal. Methods, Vol. 12 - 12, pp. 1587-1594 (2020)

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User Area  

Proposal Submission - Monthly based

For measurements not requiring particular setups, exploiting instruments already available at the beamline is possible to use a rapid allocation mechanism offering different advantages:
- no deadline: it is possible to submit a proposal at any time;
- proposal evaluation on a monthly basis;
- reduced dead-time between proposal submission and allocation;
- automatic re-submission in case of overbooking.
We strongly encourage XRD1 users to take advantage of this new procedure, available at the VUO page via the link “Monthly proposal”. It will be still possible to apply on a six-month basis if the experiment requires a particular setup in order to be performed or extended time is required for bureaucratic purposes such as VISA applications.

Proposal Submission - Other

For experiments not eligible to monthly access (for which a particular setup or long times issues, as VISA, are required), the standard six-month based procedure should be followed (look for the User Area in the quick links). The deadlines for proposal submission for beamtime allocation are aroud mid-March, for the period January 1st to June 30th, and mid-September, for the period July 1st to December 31th, at 4:30 pm (MET).

Last Updated on Thursday, 24 September 2020 15:38