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Info for Users

Safety

Before accessing the BACH beamline area and operating any instrumentation and tool of the beamline BACH and its endstations, users must read, accept and sign the Safety rules and precautions, and ask the beamline staff in case of doubt and please signal any misfunction or problem. 

In case of Emergency: Emergency Plan, Instructions for First Aid, list of Fist Aid Kits available in the Laboratory and their location, information about use and location of emergency eye-wash: Emergency management

The samples to be brought to Elettra must comply with those mentioned in the accepted proposal. Exceptionally a complementary list of samples may be declared in the VUO, but it must be approved by the safety group and the beamline staff prior to beam time.  

In case you need to use the Chemical Support Lab, please contact us and the responsible of the Users Support Labs, Cristiano Pedersini before the beamtime. 
Please also read this document: Support lab.

For safety reasons at the beamline BACH we CANNOT accept:

- Radioactive compounds
- Biologically hazardous classified samples such as virus and other infectious species, genetically modified bacteria or bio-organisms, live matter, tissues, organs, or other matter of animal or human origin, (samples with biosafety level 2 or higher, GMO excluded).
- Any steel corrosive, pyrophoric, highly toxic or dangerous gas or mixtures is not accepted at this beamline. Only gases available in lecture bottles/minican can be used (upon previous request and approval).
- Nanoparticles (1-100 nm) if (a) Nanoparticles are not embedded into a matrix or not firmly bonded to a substrate or not properly filled in sealed confinement or (b) Nanoparticles are in dry powdered form: the manipulation on the beamline and/or related laboratory of loosely powder is STRICTLY forbidden or (c) Handling the sample (e.g. while fixing the sample on the sample holder) can generate powdered nanoparticles, toxic particulate matter suspensions on air or (d) Nanoparticles are in a liquid or gas suspension to be processed into a powder
- Hazardous materials producing toxic or highly contaminant particulate matter suspensions on air
- Highly contaminant low-vapor pressure molecules or compounds degrading the ultra-high vacuum conditioning and cleanness of instrumentation. 
- Illegal substances and/or samples: (f.i. drugs, unregulated agricultural or food samples, etc.) unless it is explicitly proved that it is allowed by Italian regulations.
This list is not comprehensive; it only indicates the experimental conditions and sample characteristics that could not be accepted due to technical and/or safety reasons. The acceptance of any materials (including equipment) is subjected to the availability of all required safety conditions and protective equipment.

On Proposal Submission

We invite users and collaborators to discuss their proposals with the beamline local contacts well in advance before the submission deadline. This is crucial for a careful assessment of the experiment feasibility and may result in an improvement of the proposal.  Please read carefully our guidelines for proposal submission. We invite users interested in installing  a bulky piece of equipment (such as an entire experimental station) which takes a long time to assemble and dismount to discuss their project with the beamline local contacts well in advance before the submission deadline. Elettra accepts a limited number of long term projects. These are allocations of beam time over a two-year period. The proposer has to explicitly declare that the instrumentation will be at Elettra for the whole time of the long term project and available to other users.
IMPORTANTThe feasibility of the proposals requiring LHe cannot be guaranteed (the feasibility will depend on the availability of funds for LHe). 

Publication guidelines

Users who submit a proposal for the CNR-BACH beamline accept the following rules.
 
1) Users will give proper credit to beamline and staff members who gave active support to the experiment and participated to the measurements in any publication and presentation reporting data taken at the beamline. Evental authorship must be discussed and agreed upon at an early stage with all those involved. 
2) Any paper or draft reporting data taken at the CNR-BACH beamline should be sent to the BACH Local Contact BEFORE the paper has been submitted.
3) The authors must mention the instrument and the "CNR" "BACH beamline" in the paper or acknowledgement.
4) The papers which are based on results obtained from an experiment funded and supported (e.g. by the European projects, ICTP or NFFA) must mention this in the acknowledgement.
5) All publications that are produced based on results obtained at BACH beamline should be registered by the aid of the VUO. 

Acknowledgement of user support programs

  • Financial support by the user project “Programma di supporto agli utenti italiani di Elettra” must be acknowledged as follows: “We acknowledge Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste for providing access to its synchrotron radiation facilities and for financial support". The main author should make sure that any beamline staff who substantially contributed to the work receives credit, offering co-authorship when appropriate. Otherwise, their contribution should be explicitly stated in the acknowledgment section by adding the following sentence: "We acknowledge Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste for providing access to its synchrotron radiation facilities and we thank "NAME SURNAME" for assistance in using beamline "NAME OF BEAMLINE";
  • Acknowledgment of financial support by CALIPSOplus is mandatory, using the following sentence: "The research leading to this result has been supported by the project CALIPSOplus under Grant Agreement 730872 from the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation HORIZON 2020";
  • Acknowledgment of financial support by CALIPSO, using the following sentence: "The research leading to this result has been supported by the project CALIPSO under Grant Agreement 312284 from the EU Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)".
  • Acknowledgment of financial support by NFFA EUROPE is mandatory, using the following sentence: “This project has received funding from the EU-H2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 654360 having benefitted from the access provided by IOM-CNR in Trieste (Italy) within the framework of the NFFA-Europe Transnational Access Activity.” . Please read carefully all the mandatory rules  BEFORE submitting a paper based on results obtained by financial support of NFFA: https://www.nffa.eu/media/84241/user_declaration_to_be_signed_2017.pdf
 

Access Request

It is the responsibility of the users to provide sufficient human resources to operate the beamline 24 hours a day and perform experiments throughout the entire beam time. 
Users and collaborators coming to BACH beamline for experiments are requested to fill the dedicated Access Request Form. Timing for the submission of the Access Request varies according to Users Categories: General Users, EU Funded Users, Research Team Members and Collaborators must submit their Access Form at least two weeks before the experiment. Italian Users must submit their Access Request form at least one month before the experiment. Note that in order to be able to enter the Elettra Laboratory, your access request must be approved. Instructions for different user categories can be found on the User Office webpages following our quick links.

Please visit the USER AREA of the User Office for more details.

 

BACH Proposals vs countries


 

Call for proposals

Users can access the BACH beamline through:
A) VUO (Elettra: call of proposals every 6 months, in September and March, please visit the USER AREA of the User Office for more details)
or
B)NFFA Europe (see deadlines and information at https://www.nffa.eu/)



 

USEFUL LINKS

 


Guidelines for Proposal Submission

When to apply

The Call for Proposals deadline occurs twice a year, on March 15 and September 15. The exact dates are advertised on this website.

Please visit the USER AREA of the User Office for more details.

Peer Review evaluation

The proposals are reviewed by an independent Panel, the Elettra Proposal Review Panel (PRP), after their feasibility has been assessed by the beamline coordinators. The PRP is composed of experts in various fields of synchrotron radiation research evaluates the scientific merit of the proposals. The main criteria for evaluation are the following: expected impact of the experiments, topicality, probability to produce one or more publications on highly cited scientific journals, potential to help solving important technologically or socially relevant problems, possible development of a new application of synchrotron radiation.

Funding

In order to find out the latest news on the financial support options that are available please visit the Elettra User Office web pages. Partial support schemes for Italian users are currently available. A dedicated scheme for non EC members is provided by the ICTP. Unfortunately, EC support is currently UNAVAILABLE.

Submission on VUO

Proposals must be uploaded and submitted on the Elettra Virtual Unified Office (VUO). Before writing a proposal, you and your collaborators must register on the VUO. Every proposal needs to have clear and achievable goals. This means that the proposal must address a well-focused scientific problem or a debated, unanswered issue in the literature. It is not recommended to start studying a new system during the proposal, without carrying out the necessary preparation work. In other words, better not to come here fishing for unexpected intriguing results. The experimental plan must be realistic and well organized, capable to deliver achievable goals.

Long Term Projects

Elettra accepts a limited number of long term projects. These are allocations of beam time over a two-year period. Please, click the box "long term project" in the proposal form. The long term status will be considered only for those proposals for which a bulky piece of equipment (such as an entire experimental station) which takes a long time to assemble and dismount is to be transferred to Elettra for the project. The proposer has to explicitly declare that the instrumentation will be at Elettra for the whole time of the LT project and available to other users. Please note that proposals for long term projects will be judged as such on the basis of the above definition by the review committee, together with their scientific merit. Proposers awarded long term status will not be required to submit new proposals relating to the project every six months; however, an interim report after the first year of the project will be required. Please note that for LT projects experimental reports will be required after EACH allocation period. Failing to provide such reports will result in the termination of the project. Please note: in the "Shifts Required" box please insert the total number of shifts required for all 4 semesters. It is is highly recommended to discuss in great detail with the beamline scientist in charge the feasibility of long term projects well before the submission!

Feedback from the local contacts

In order to be able to get back to you with feedback on the proposal feasibility, we warmly encourage you to upload your proposal on VUO at least one week before the deadline. Interaction with the local contacts is highly recommended. Don't hesitate to discuss with us the experimental plan in great detail.

Experiment feasibility

Read carefully the information on the BACH web pages. Consider that there are some important restrictions on what can be evaporated in the main experimental chamber, as well as to the maximum gas pressure that is allowed during measurements. New instrumental developments or installations need special and careful preparation. They have to be organized in close coordination with the beamline scientists in charge.

Sample suitability

The Samples must be conductive for photoemission measurements, but it may be insulating or conducting for x-ray emission measurements. The sample holder can host one or more samples in a square area of about 25x25 mm. The samples can be fixed by conductive UHV compatible glue, UHV-compatible carbon/copper tape, by Mo clamps (up to 4), or it can be sandwiched between the sample holder body and a Mo/Stainless steel cap with one hole of different sizes and shapes. For Si, Ge and SiC the sample should be cut in a rectangular piece (ideal: 3.5 mm x 8 mm. However, it can fit also 3-4 mm x 7-9 mm).  Important: if the sample needs to be prepared in situ, the sample must be sent to the contact person at the BACH beamline, arranging the delivery so that they can be mounted and transferred in the preparation chamber at least 10 days before the experimental run in order to properly degass the sample holder. When annealing is required, the sample will be typically holded between two plates (one below and one above, with one hole of the proper size and shape to hold the sample). Please specify if there is incompatibility (e.g. alloy formation during annealing) with any material possibly used for the sample holder plate. We typically use: Mo, Ta or stainless steel. If you have special requests please contact your local contact well in advace and if necessary provide a 0.1-0.125 mm plate of the material.


After your proposal is accepted

Scheduling accepted proposals

The beamline coordinator takes care of contacting all of the users whose proposals have been accepted, following the rank indicated by the Review Panel. We try to arrange the beamtime calendar keeping into account the experiment requirements and your specific needs.

Sending us your instrumentation

During the scheduling of the various proposals, we carefully check with you whether we have all the necessary equipment for  experiments. If something is missing, we make specific agreements so that you send us what is needed in time for the experiments (please follow the instructions given in the contacts section). Typically, we need to mount your Knudsen cells or evaporators, or replace the evaporant in one of ours. It is not uncommon that we need to receive your apparatus at least a month in advance. This happens because we can bake the system only during machine shutdowns.

Preparation of the experiments

In the case of complex experiments, e.g. experiments that require lengthy preparation, agreements can be made for you to begin to work a few days earlier than the official beginning of the beamtime. This might be useful when in-situ sample preparation is needed, or for the calibration of evaporators, or if complex instrumentation needs to be installed. If you need the Chemical Support Laboratory, please request it through VUO and fill the User Declaration Form for the Use of the Support Lab which must be signed by the Head of (user) Department of Institute before the beamtime

Read the Manual and print the HowTo/Troubleshooting sections

Even if local contacts will be present with you during the experiment, we advice to print a copy of the HowTo/Trouble shooting section of this web page,
Please read the Manual to check what instrumentation and tools will be available at the beamline.
If users need support lab please refer to this page:  User Support Lab.

For the Chemical Support Lab, here you can find a brief (not comprehensive) list of rules and instructions and a more detailed extract from the Support Laboratory Safety Procedure. However, users have to contact BEFORE the beamtime the responsible of the chem support Lab: Cristiano Pedersini: (cristiano.pedersini AT elettra.eu), be trained and authorized to use the support lab and fill a User Declaration Form for the Use of the Support Lab which must be signed by the Head of Department of Institute before the beamtime.

Before your arrival

The user office webpages offer you advice on several topics regarding your staying at Elettra, including accommodation, car rental and how to reach the Elettra site.

Please visit the USER AREA of the User Office for more details.

Important note concerning funding

Funding agencies normally refund expenses in the time interval one day prior and after the beamtime. Thus, in the case you arrive earlier, your expenses ARE NOT COVERED. We invite you to check this with the Elettra User Office.

Fill the Access Request in advance!

Most importantly, don't forget to fill in the Access Request from. Timing for the submission of the Access Request varies according to Users Categories: General Users, Research Team Members and Collaborators must submit their Access Form at least two weeks before the experiment. Italian Users must submit their Request at least one month before the experiment.

Contact us!

Don't forget to contact us, so that we can arrange an appointment to meet at the beamline!




How to Reach Elettra



Please visit the USER AREA of the User Office for complete and updated details, in particular the section HOW TO REACH US .



Trieste City Bus Lines Timetabe
City Bus Lines 39 and 51 connect the Railway station to Elettra or Basovizza; There are regular city service buses that travel from the central railway station to Elettra laboratory which is located about 10 km from Trieste centre.
From Trieste Autostazione get accross the square and take BUS N. 51 (Trieste Trasporti) in front of the "Unicredit" bank. Bus stop is near the traffic light (point B in the map). Also, bus N. 39 has some rides that arrive to ST (check timetables), otherwise the nearest stop is in Basovizza, 1.5 km from ST.

Ticket fare: €1.10 (one way). Can be bought in the "Tabacchi" news kiosks or at the automatic ticket machine in the main square, in front of the train station main entrance.
Ride takes 20 to 25 min approximately.
Note that there is also a coach service (coach number 51) which connects Trieste Airport Ronchi dei Legionari to Trieste Bus and Railway station (Fare 3.25 euro, the ticket can be purchased at the airport). Please note: Both buses (from the airport to Trieste and from Trieste to Basovizza) are number 51 but they belong to different companies!
Train Timetable
PRIVATE TRANSFERS/BUS: you can book a private transfer in advance and make sure to be taken exactly to the desired address. 
Science bus. 
goopti
Flixbus bus stop: Trieste Autostazione (in front of the railway station).

Coach number 51  (APT Gorizia, website only in italian), bus stop: Trieste Autostazione (in front of the railway station).



From Trieste FVG Airport Ronchi dei Legionari:

BUS SERVICES: Coach number 51 (APT Gorizia, website only in italian), bus stop: Trieste Autostazione (in front of the railway station).
Tickets can be purcahsed at the airport:

  • at the tourist information counter - Infopoint Turismo FVG

  • from the 24-hour automatic ticket machine

Ticket fare: €3.30 (one way)
Ride takes 50 min to 1 hour, depending on traffic.
 

    1. Take the coach service (number 51) which connects Trieste Airport Ronchi dei Legionari to Trieste Bus and Railway station (Fare 3.25 euro, the ticket can be purchased at the airport)
    2. From Trieste Bus and Railway station take Bus Lines 39 and 51 which connect the Railway station to Elettra or Basovizza. We advise to ask the driver if the bus will stop at Elettra or Basovizza because some of the buses 39 and 51 do not stop here. The city bus fare is about 1 euro and the ticket can be purchased at news kiosks or automatic machines (not on board). .

PRIVATE TRANSFERS: you can book a private transfer in advance and make sure to be taken exactly to the desired address. A driver will wait for you at the airport terminal with your name sign in due time, even if there is a fligth delay.  Goopti: www.goopti.com or Science Bus: www.science-bus.com
    Direct option: the . Book in advance. These coach services connects directly Elettra with Ronchi dei Legionari airport.

OPTION C How to reach Elettra by car
    Rent a car.
     

From Venezia Marco Polo Airport
OPTION A

Flybus ATVOCity Bus Timetable
    1. Take the coach service which connects Venezia Marco Polo to Mestre Railway station (about 20-30 minutes, Fare 3.0 euro, the ticket can be purchased at the airport or at the automatic machines)
    2.From Mestre Railway station take the train to Trieste (about 2 hours)
    3. From Trieste Bus and Railway station take Bus Lines 39 and 51 connect the Railway station to Elettra or Basovizza; The city bus fare is about 1 euro and the ticket can be purchased at news kiosks or automatic machines (not on board). .

OPTION B Goopti or Science Bus or Flixbus
    Direct option: the . Book in advance. These coach services (Private) connects directly Elettra with Marco Polo Airport. 

OPTION C How to reach Elettra by car
    Rent a car.

Please type "Venice Marco Polo Airport" in the textfield below if you want to show the road connection between Venice and Basovizza.

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Last Updated on Monday, 12 October 2020 10:51