Industrial Applications

Processing of natural stones for architectural and furnishing projects

marmo cucina

As part of sustainability concept, there is a great interest in exploiting marble powder dispersed in appropriate polymers for further use in 3D printing. The main challenge is to explore how these components mix and find out which are the main variables into play.


Manufacturing of acrylic glass parts


The company K-tec is interested in investigating, at the microscopic and even molecular level, a specific bonding process used in the production of very large glazing parts for institutional aquariums and swimming pools which are very demanding in terms of optical appearance and mechanical strength. A better understanding of relationship between process parameters and part properties will allow to optimize the design and manufacturing processes of their products.


Design and manufacturing of items from recycled materials


It is in Alisea company’s interest to investigate the potential applications of graphite in businesses other than those commonly known. In particular, new construction materials are being studied with fire resistant qualities, which are composed of a mix of inert materials, already normally used in construction, and graphite, an additive of interest for its specific chemical-physical characteristics (i.e. thermal and electrical conductivity, mechanical resistance, etc.).


Natural fibers and eco-sustainable resins for nautical sector


The material rComposite produced by the company Northern Light Composites is made out of three main components: vegetable fibers, resin and polyurethane. The challenge for Northern Light Composites was to determine how the resin distributes into the material.


Tailor-made Polyurethane Solutions


Traditional polyurethane foams are not strong enough to resist at the working conditions of the production of composite materials. The material INTIVATO has been developed to overcome the traditional PU limitations, with a focus on the press forming technology, which is suitable for mass production. The interest of the company Carùs is studying the chemical and morphological properties of different foaming processes of polyurethane rigid foams.


Wood Processing


Wood can be carbonized by controlled thermal decomposition (pyrolysis) to form a monolithic carbon surface for aesthetical or technological purposes. Wood with carbonized surfaces can also be used for interior decoration. Despite the marketing potentials, these carbonized products have not yet been characterized for the aforementioned applications, both morphologically and chemically.


Manufacturing of polyethylene products


Food packaging is generally based on polythene (PE) virgin materials. Danplast is developing a new material that will include recycled PE granules into the material composition for food packaging, as a way to reuse and recycle it. The main challenge is to optimize PE film production strategies to obtain a recycled polymer suitable for food-packaging applications, having morpho-chemical characteristics competitive with the virgin material.


New polymers and formulations from non-edible biomasses


Since 2015, the company AEP Polymers has worked on the usability assessment of different lignin grades in polymers, like polyurethane foams for automotive and construction applications (thermal and acoustic insulation). To increase lignin efficiency and improve performance properties of the foams, AEP has explored a process to overcome the limitations of lignin as a solid powder, obtaining an easier-to-use lignin form and a more homogeneous ligninpolyurethane matrix.

Application of infrared techniques for the study of technical textiles

IApplicazione della Tecnica Infrarosso per lo Studio dei Tessili Tecnici

New technical textiles are designed, developed and tuned to ensure the highest performance in the world of sports. They can be used in any season and in all weather conditions. New high-performance yarns, mostly based by polymeric composite materials need to be developed. Polymer defects introduced by spinning, such as yarn inclusions, or by coloring, may degrade both technical quality and attractive look of the clothes.

Biocatalysis for industry

Biocatalisi per l'industria

In order to promote the economic exploitation of biomass and agroindustrial by-products, such as sugars, cellulose, starch and oils, new biocatalytic processes involving enzymatic catalysts are under study.
These processes are often not competitive with those of classic chemistry because of the poor efficiency of the biocatalysts currently available. Read more...

Infrared (FTIRM) and low energy X-ray fluorescence (LEXRF) microscopies correlative study on rare diseases

malattie rareOchronotic pigment is a hallmark of Alkaptonuria (AKU), an ultra-rare disease responsible of tissue degeneration leading to a severe arthropathy in comorbidity with amyloidosis. Nevertheless, conventional bio-assays have not yet clarified composition and pathophysiological role of pigment and its structural relationship with amyloids.


FTIR spectroscopy for an improvement of cell selection in assisted reproduction technologies

FertilitàSuccess of assisted reproduction technologies are highly related to selection of good quality oocytes and spermatozoa. Analyses on oocyte macromolecular structure are necessary to detect and better evaluate alterations caused by aging. On the other hand, sperm selection is usually based only on morphology, motility and concentration characteristics. Considering the many possible alterations, there is a great need for analytical approaches allowing more effective sperm selections.


FTIR studies on secondary structures of fibrous proteins: Amide III

CollageneFolding defects of fibrous proteins are involved in many genetic pathologies, such as fibrosis, Alzheimer's and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. In particular, type I collagen is the most abundant fibrous-collagen protein in human, playing an important role in mammalian tissues. Its secondary structure needs to be extensively studied as anomalous organizations of collagen networks are detected to be involved in several pathologies.


Multi-technique analysis of extracellular vesicles


Therapeutic applications of extracellular vesicles as molecular carriers need a better understanding of the effects manufacturing processes could have on biological functions.
Last Updated on Thursday, 09 March 2023 14:03