Low Density Matter at FERMI

The Low Density Matter (LDM) beamline has been built as part of the FERMI free-electron laser (FEL) facility to serve the atomic, molecular and cluster physics community.

The LDM beamline features a modular end-station accommodating a broad range of detectors and systems for producing targets. The combined capabilities of the photon source (high brilliance, short pulse length, variable polarization, coherence), photon transport (variable-focusing optics) and end-station allow the investigation of many targets, such as very dilute systems, matter under extreme irradiation conditions (multiple electronic excitation, multiple ionization, Coulomb explosion, non-linear optics) and dichroism. The split-and-delay line as well as, a synchronized optical laser allows time-resolved experiments with different combinations of femtosecond pulses.

The beamline was commissioned in 2012 and is undergoing rapid development. The LDM beamline is now open to external users .

Research highlights | Publications

slideshow image

Light-Induced Magnetization at the Nanoscale

Theorists predict that an atomic gas could be magnetized using only lasers, something that could provide a noninvasive way to quickly manipulate the magnetic properties of the gas. Here we demonstrate a method to control laser-generated magnetic moments spatiotemporally for an atomic gas. J. Wätzel et al. Phys. Rev.Lett, 128157205 (2022).

Read More
slideshow image

Time-Resolved Ultrafast Interatomic Coulombic Decay inSuperexcited Sodium-Doped Helium Nanodroplets

Here, the dynamics of ICD between an excited He atom and a Na dopant atom in superexcited He nanodroplets was measured for the first time by extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) time-resolved electron spectroscopy. J.D. Asmussen et al. J.Phys.Chem.Lett.,13, 4470 (2022)  

Read More
slideshow image

Generation and measurement of intense few-femtosecond superradiant extreme-ultraviolet free-electron laser pulses

Three-stage superradiant cascade (SRC) starting from an ultraviolet (UV) seed pulse and reaching the EUV spectral range have been realized at FERMI in order to shorten the pulse duration with femtosecond accuracy. N. S. Mirian et al.Nature Photonics 15, 523 (2021)

Read More
slideshow image

Enhancement of Above Threshold Ionization in Resonantly Excited Helium Nanodroplets

Clusters and nanodroplets hold the promise of enhancing high-order nonlinear optical effects due to their high local density. Here we explore the nonlinear optical response of He nanodroplets prepared in multiply excited states by irradiation with relatively intense XUV pulses.R.Michiels et al.Physical Review Letters 127 093201 (2021) 

Read More
slideshow image

Ultrafast Resonant Interatomic Coulombic Decay Induced by Quantum Fluid Dynamics

Here, we directly measure the timescale of interatomic Coulombic decay (ICD) in resonantly excited helium nanodroplets using a high-resolution, tunable, extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser. A.C.LaForge et al. Physical Review X 11, 021011 (2021)

Read More
slideshow image

Tracking attosecond electronic coherences using phase-manipulated extreme ultraviolet pulses

The direct control and manipulation of the phase of individual pulses within an XUV pulse sequence opens exciting possibilities for coherent control and multidimensional spectroscopy, but has not been accomplished. Here, we overcome these constraints in a highly time-stabilized and phase-modulated XUV-pump, XUV-probe experiment, which directly probes the evolution and dephasing of an inner subshell electronic coherence. A. Wituschek et al. Nature Communications 11, 883 (2020)

Read More
slideshow image

New Method for Measuring Angle-Resolved Phases in Photoemission

Here we present a new attosecond-precision interferometric method of angle-resolved measurement for the phase of the photoionization amplitudes, using two phase-locked extreme ultraviolet pulses of frequency ω and 2ω, from a free-electron laser. D.You et al. Physical Review X, 10, 031070 (2020)

Read More
slideshow image

Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser

We demonstrate amplitude and phase manipulation of the harmonic components of an attosecond pulse train in combination with an approach for its temporal reconstruction. The results presented here open the way to performing attosecond time-resolved experiments with free-electron lasers. 
P. K. Maroju et al. Nature 578, 386 (2020)

Illustration: J.Oschwald and C.Callegari.

Read More
slideshow image

Tracking the ultraviolet-induced photochemistry of thiophenone during and after ultrafast ring opening

Here we apply time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy with a seeded extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser to trace the ultrafast ring opening of gas-phase thiophenone molecules following ultraviolet photoexcitation. S. Pathak et al. Nature Chemistry 12, 795 (2020)

Read More
slideshow image

Deep neural networks for classifying complex features in diffraction images

This work provides a general introduction on the capabilities of neural networks and provide results on the first domain adaption of neural networks for the use case of diffraction images as input data. J. Zimmermann et al. Physical Review E 99, 063309 (2019)

Read More


  New VMI + TOF setup for LDM

  An upgrade of the VMI spectrometer has been designed and built up recently at LDM.
  Advantages of the new setup:
  •Less sensitive to the misalignment,
  •Less sensitive to the stray light,
  •Improved ion-TOF collection efficiency.

 Scattering detector commissioning at LDM


  The LDM scattering detector has been recently commissioned. The image shows the single-cluster scattering pattern from a He droplet of diameter 950 nm, taken with FERMI pulses at a wavelength of 64 nm.


Magnetic bottle commissioning at LDM

A magnetic bottle spectrometer, designed and built by Raimund Feifel and co-workers, has been installed, commissioned, and used for beamtime at LDM. The image shows a test spectrum, with O2 as target gas, taken at 21.2 eV photon energy
[contact: http://www.physics.gu.se/english/about-the-department/staff?languageId=100001&userId=xfeira ]

 VMI station at LDM

  An experimental station, devoted to experiments on gaseous samples at the Elettra GasPhase beamline and at LDM, was built and commissioned. The station is based on a Velocity Map Imaging detector for angular resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. A thorough description of this photoelectron analyser has been recently published in Nucl. Instr. Meth. B (2011),  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2011.07.020. 




User Area

Call for proposals
Click here to check the status of the call for external users (both on FEL-1 and FEL-2).
Last Updated on Thursday, 30 July 2020 11:39