Chemistry and Catalysis

New lubricants

Nuovi lubrificanti

Lubricants are a fundamental component of mechanical systems, reducing friction between moving parts.
The ensuing chemicophysical reactions have the potential to change the nature of both mechanical components and lubricants. Pressures may reach extremely high levels, possibly several GPa. The effect of such pressures on insulating materials may be to produce very intense electric fields capable of locally generating a plasma. Read more...

Catalysis in real time

Catalisi in tempo reale

Catalysts are defined as substances that cause chemical reactions to proceed more rapidly and simply while themselves remaining unchanged at the end of the reaction. Industry makes wide use of them to produce consumer products such as pharmaceuticals, plastics, fuels and fertilisers. Effective catalysts can help to produce energy savings, safer industrial processes and diminished environmental impact.
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Biocatalysis for industry

Biocatalisi per l'industria

 
In order to promote the economic exploitation of biomass and agroindustrial by-products, such as sugars, cellulose, starch and oils, new biocatalytic processes involving enzymatic catalysts are under study.
These processes are often not competitive with those of classic chemistry because of the poor efficiency of the biocatalysts currently available. Read more...
Last Updated on Monday, 06 June 2022 11:13